By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of serious writers? a few may possibly contend that to bowdlerize an excellent writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, might argue that every one modest humans will be capable of learn an excellent paintings with out blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and thanks to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. however, the observe bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing swimsuit for women--has been a linguistic secret considering 1947 whilst those fits have been first noticeable at the seashores of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the USA begun checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans acknowledged that the influence of the scanty suit on male seashore loungers was once just like the devastating impression of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! an easier and extra credible idea is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn by means of ladies at the Bikini atoll.
Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened that means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a observe derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a well known diner menu merchandise produced from universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English medical professional who promoted a nutrition of floor pork.
A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of hundreds and hundreds of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an exciting and anecdotal kind, and with a foreword via Edwin Newman, the ebook contains a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or suggestion in addition to info on how and while the identify entered the language.
If you've ever puzzled simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to lifestyles.
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Additional resources for A New Dictionary of Eponyms
Yet for centuries it enjoyed credentials that made it, in one form or another, a commonplace word in the English language. With time, however, it degenerated into slang, so much so that in the sixteenth century it was regarded as thieves' cant. Its level of acceptance has risen since then, but not enough to enter literary circles. Those who believe that booze is an eponym for E. G. Booz, a Philadelphia distiller who purveyed whiskey in a bottle bearing his name and shaped like a log cabin, are behind the times.
Veni, vidi, vici" ("I came, I saw, I conquered"). Many places have been named for the great emperor, particularly Caesaria, a seaport in Israel dating back to ancient times. Caesar salad was not named for the Roman statesman. It was the creation, in 1924, of Italian-American chef Caesar Cardini. Chef Cardini operated restaurants in Tijuana. 4O CALAMITY JANE A Calamity Jane is a woman who constantly complains of her troubles or one who brings trouble with her. Martha Jane Canary (1852-1903) was born in Princeton, New Jersey.
Calamity Jane was a superior marksman with both rifle and revolver. " Some reference books refer to her surname as Burke, the name of one of her husbands. But then again, she had twelve of them. Her unusual marksmanship and her many forays into the nuptial field, however, could not save her from financial disaster. Although her nickname enriched the English language, financial richness did not accompany her to her end. " CANDY, PRINCE CONDE Everyone likes candy. It's hard to believe that a person would not enjoy a piece of chocolate after a meal.