Access to History. Britain and the American Colonies 1740-89 by Alan Farmer

By Alan Farmer

The Access to History sequence is the preferred and relied on sequence for AS- and A-level historical past scholars. the hot titles mix all of the strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and lines that let all scholars entry to the content material and examine abilities had to in attaining examination good fortune. layout good points include:

-AS questions and examination tips
-Definitions of key terms

-Summaries of key old debates

This ebook investigates the occasions which ended in the British domination of the North American colonies in the course of its clash with France, and the ensuing tensions which this luck. It is going directly to learn the British rules in the direction of the colonies and the way those laid the trail to American independence and, eventually, the structure. the level to which a revolution happened is analyzed, and the narrative concludes by way of taking a look at the influence of this independence on Britain and the USA. in the course of the ebook, key dates, phrases, and matters are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written by means of examiners for the AQA and Edexcel examination standards give you the chance to improve examination talents.

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Additional info for Access to History. Britain and the American Colonies 1740-89

Sample text

The stamp duties in America would not be a particularly heavy burden. They were much lighter than those in England, where they had been levied for over 70 years. The Treasury estimated that the new duty would raise about £60,000 in its first year. The money would be spent entirely in the colonies. It would be only a quarter of the sum needed for colonial defence. There was some opposition to the stamp bill in the Commons – from William Pitt, Edmund Burke and Isaac Barre – but not enough to challenge the measure seriously.

Most MPs agreed with Grenville that Parliament had the right to tax the colonies and that the Americans should contribute something to their own defence. The bill was adopted by the Commons by 245 to 49 and given royal assent on 22 March. It was to take effect on 1 November 1765. 42 | Britain and the American Colonies 1740–89 The American reaction News of the Stamp Act arrived in the colonies in April 1765. By the summer, it had produced an extraordinarily widespread and intense reaction. Whereas the Sugar Act had affected only New England merchants, the Stamp Act applied universally, antagonising some of the most influential groups of colonists – lawyers, printers and tavern-keepers.

George III (1760–1820) took an active part in government. Within limits, he chose the ministers who served him – the limits being essentially their ability to command parliamentary support. The American Colonies by 1763 | 27 Parliament did very little with regard to public policy. This was largely because most MPs believed the best form of government was the least form of government. The Cabinet The inner cabinet usually consisted of the prime minister, the chancellor of the Exchequer, the two secretaries of state, and the president of the Privy Council.

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